IBN SHEM TOV, ISAAC BEN SHEM TOV (15th century), Spanish rabbi and philosopher. Isaac ben Shem Tov was the son of the anti-Aristotelian mystic, Shem Tov ibn shem tov , but his intellectual temperament differed severely from his father's. He became a loyal Aristotelian rationalist, more so than his older brother Joseph Shem Tov ibn shem tov and as much as his nephew Shem-Tov b. joseph shem tov ibn shem tov . He taught philosophy in Aguilar de Campóo, Castile, and was an erudite and prolific writer in Hebrew on Aristotelian themes, specializing in commentaries on philosophic classics. He wrote at least 14 works, eight of which are extant. These include four commentaries on Averroes' "Intermediate Commentary on Aristotle's Physics" and a favorable commentary on the book singularly decried by his father – Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed. He was an eager critic of Ḥasdai Crescas , but generally, the subtleties of Crescas' revolutionary thought on such subjects as actual infinity seem to have eluded him. On the other hand, he may have been the first Hebrew author to distinguish between the categorematic and syncategorematic infinities. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.A. Wolfson, in: Studies… A.S. Freidus (1929), 279–90; idem, Crescas' Critique of Aristotle (1929), index; S. Rosenberg, He'arot be-Mussag ha-"Einsofiyyut" (1969), 31–2. (Warren Zev Harvey)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • IBN SHEM TOV, SHEM TOV — (c. 1380–c. 1441), Spanish rabbi, kabbalist, and anti Maimonidean polemicist. A witness   to the persecutions and conversion movements of the late 14th and early 15th century Spain, Shem Tov held Maimonidean Aristotelianism responsible for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IBN SHEM TOV, JOSEPH BEN SHEM TOV — (c. 1400–c. 1460), Spanish philosopher. A son of shem tov ibn shem tov , Joseph, in contrast to his father, was a devotee of philosophical and other secular studies. He served in the Castilian court of King John II and his successor Henry IV.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IBN SHEM TOV, SHEM TOV BEN JOSEPH BEN SHEM TOV — (15th century), Spanish rabbi, philosopher, and preacher. Shem Tov was the namesake of his grandfather, the militant anti Maimonidean kabbalist (see shem tov ibn shem tov ), and the son of the moderate Maimonidean Joseph ben Shem Tov ibn shem tov …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (second half of 13th century), Spanish kabbalist. He was born in Soria and was related to shem tov b. abraham ibn gaon . He traveled through Spain and Provence together with his brother jacob and also on his own and collected the traditions of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shem Tov ibn Shem Tov — (c. 1390 ndash; c. 1440) (Hebrew: שם טוב אבן שם טוב) was a Spanish kabbalist and fierce opponent of rationalistic philosophy.BiographyShem Tov was president of a yeshivah in Spain. He lived about 1390 1440 (Gedaliah ibn Yaḥya, Shalshelet ha… …   Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN TODROS — (mid fourteenth century), known as Isaac Tauroci (ben Todros) in Latin; French physician. Isaac ben Todros practiced in Carpentras and audited the accounts of the Jewish community in 1367. He was the pupil of the astronomer, immanuel b. jacob… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF ACRE — (late 13th–mid 14th century), kabbalist. In his youth Isaac of Acre studied in the yeshivah of Solomon Petit in Acre and he quotes Petit s story in which Aristotle is ridiculed by the wife of Alexander the Great. In 1291 Isaac left Acre for Italy …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI — (1580–1646?), Polish talmudist and grammarian. Isaac was the elder brother and teacher of david b. samuel ha levi . He was born in Ludomir, and studied under joshua falk at Lemberg. He served   as rabbi of Chelm and in 1627 was appointed rosh… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CANPANTON (Campanton), ISAAC BEN JACOB — (1360–1463), Castilian rabbi. Canpanton was the head of a yeshivah in Zamora in western Spain, among whose students were isaac de leon , isaac aboab ii , Samuel b. Abraham Valensi, and shem tov ibn shem tov . He laid down methodological rules for …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joseph ibn Shem-Tov — (15th century) was a prolific Judæo Spanish writer born in Castile. He lived in various cities of Spain: Medina del Campo de Leon (1441); Alcalá de Henares (1451); Segovia (1454). Though it is not known precisely what office he held at court, he… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”